Friday, September 2, 2011

DharmaQuiz Session 83: 9-Aug-2011

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Session 83: August 9,  2011
Theme: Vedangas
  1. Name the Vedanga (auxiliary discipline) that deals with grammar: a) Vyakarana b) Jyotisha c) Kalpa -- #DharmaQuiz 764 Ans: Vyakarana
  2. Chandas (meter) is a Vedanga: A typical shloka in Sanskrit poetry belongs to which Chandas? a) Sama b) Anushtup c) Vayu. #DharmaQuiz 765. Ans: Anushtup
  3. Which Vedanga deals with phonetics, articulation, pitch, nasality et al? a)Shiksha b)Chandas c)Smriti. #DharmaQuiz 766. Ans: Shiksha
  4. One type of Vedanga has link to sage Lagadha. This branch is highly significant in ancient Indian science study. Name it. #DharmaQuiz 767. Ans: Vedanga Jyotisha
  5. Grihya Sutras (or domestic rituals from Vedic prescription) are a part of which Vedanga? a)Kripa b)Kalpa c)Shaila. #DharmaQuiz 768. Ans: Kalpa
  6. To which Vedanga is Nighantu, an ancient Indian glossary linked to? a)Samaveda b)Virakta c)Nirukta . #DharmaQuiz 769. Ans: Nirukta
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  1. I would like add some more points on Chandas. We do come across some beautiful chandas created by our ancestors used extensively in our pouranic and kavya literature. Some are Anushtup (pointed by one of the ques above), Gayatri etc.

    Best example for Anushtup chandas is Vishnu Sahasranamam. Example for Gayatri Chandas is Gayatri Mantram itself.

    But there are other brilliant chandas. One of them is "Bhujana Prayaata". Literally it means "moving like a snake". There are several mind blowing stotras, prayers and general pieces praising the deity central to the literary piece. Adi Shankaracharya was a master of this chandas. He wrote several stotrams in Bhujanga Prayaata. For example, Sharada Bhujanga Prayaata Stotram. In fact Shankara wrote several Bhujanaga Stotrams on Karthikeya, Sri Rama etc.

    Another beautiful Chandas is Panchachamara Chandas. A brilliant example is "Shiva Tandava Stotram". It was sung in praise of Shiva by Ravana when he was waiting to see Shiva at the foot of Kailasa according to our puranas.
    More Here:

    There are several others. This site lists >1500 metres:

    The site also has a classified version of chandas list

    Interestingly, neither Gayatri nor Anushtup is listed here. Wierd. Site says this is work under progress. I guess other chandas are yet to be listed and coded into the tool. But there is so much to learn in Chandas itself from our literature!

  2. Forgot to add this one:

    Lecture by Paramacharya on Chadas. Extensive details on Chandas. Acharya clearly states that Muka Pancha Sati is so beautiful especially because of the Chandas that Muka Shankara Saraswati used.

    Amazing how indic languages incorporated both Pronunciation and Symbolic representation of Pronounced syllable in its literature.